Last Will & Testament of Sigmund Freud, September 23, 1939

Sigmund Freud, 1856-1939, Austrian psychiatrist, in the office of his Vienna home looking at a manuscript.

I, SIGMUND FREUD of 39 Elsworthy Road Hampstead in the County of London HEREBY REVOKE all former Wills and Codi­cils made by me and DECLARE that this is my last Will.

  1. I APPOINT DR. MARTIN FREUD of Mount Royal W. 1 and ERNST FREUD of 32 St. John’s Wood Terrace N.W. 8 and ANNA FREUD of 39 Elsworthy Road N.W. 3 to be EXECUTORS AND TRUSTEES of this my Will.
  2. I BEQUEATH the following specific legacies free of legacy duty (a) TO my daughter Anna my Collection of Antiques as defined by the Catalogue (b) TO my daughter Anna my Collection of Books on Psy­chology and Psycho-Analysis
  3. I DEVISE AND BEQUEATH all copyrights and interests in copyrights to which I am entitled to my trustees UPON TRUST to retain same and to pay the whole of the net royalties and profits or of moneys in the nature of royalties or profits whether the same be payable by virtue of any agreement made by my trustees or virtue of any agreement made by me in my lifetime to all the issue of my children who shall be living at my death and attain the age of twenty­ one years or (being female) marry under that age other than Ernst Halberstadt son of my daughter Sophie and if more than one in equal shares as tenants in common I DIRECT that my Trustees shall have the fullest powers to sell and deal with such copyrights and interests in copyrights including power to grant licenses or rights (whether exclusive or not) of printing publishing selling or performing the subject mat­ter of any such copyright and that any such sale or dealing may be made wholly or partly in consideration of royalties to be paid to my Trustees AND I DECLARE that my Trustees may join with other persons interested in any such copyright in any such sale or dealing as aforesaid
  4. I BEQUEATH an annuity free of all duty to my Sister-in­ law Minna Bernays of Three hundred pounds during her life by equal quarterly payments the first whereof shall be made three months after my death and I DIRECT my Trustees · to appropriate in their names investments of _any nature hereinafter authorized of an amount sufficient at the date of such appropriation to answer out of the income thereof for . such annuity and I DECLARE that such income shall be the primary fund for answering the said annuity and the capital of the said investments shall form a secondary· fund for answering the same in the event of the income proving insufficient and further that after any such appropriation shall have been made my residuary estate or the income thereof , shall no longer be liable to provide for the annuity in respect of which such appropriation shall have been made AND I DECLARE that the balance (if any) of the appropriated fund not required in any year for answering the annuity shall be part of the income of my residuary estate and shall be distributed accordingly
  5. I DEVISE all my real estate and I BEQUEATH all the residue of my personal estate to my Trustees and I DIRECT my Trustees to sell call in and convert into money all such parts of my real estate and residue of my personal Estate as shall not consist of investments of the nature hereinafter authorized
  6. OUT of the clear moneys to arise from such sale calling in and conversion as aforesaid and out of such investments as aforesaid my Trustees shall pay or provide for my debts funeral and testamentary expenses and annuity and any du­ ties payable thereon and on the said legacies and subject thereto my ‘Trustees shall invest · in manner hereinafter authorized the residue of the said .clear moneys and stand possessed of such investments and of the residue of such investments as aforesaid which formed part of my real Es­tate and residue of my personal Estate at the time of my death and of all parts of such Estate for the time being unsold (hereinafter called “my residuary Trust Fund”) upon the following trusts: (a) UPON TRUST to pay the income thereof to my Wife Martha during her life and after her death (b) UPON TRUST as to both capital and income for all and every my children or my child (if only one) living at my death who being sons or son have attained or shall attain the age of twenty one years or being daughters or a daughter have attained or attain that age or previously marry and if more than one in equal shares as tenants in common (c) PROVIDED NEVERTHELESS that Ernst Halberstadt being issue of my daughter Sophie who has died previously to the execution hereof shall if living at my death stand in the place of my said daughter Sophie and take the same share of my residuary Trust Fund which my Daughter Sophie would have taken if she had survived me and had attained a vested interest (d) PROVIDED FURTHER that in case any child of mine shall die during my life time leaving issue living at my death who being male attain the age of twenty one years or being female attain that age or previously marry such issue shall stand in the place of such deceased child and take per stirpes and equally between them if more than one the share of my Residuary ‘!rust Fund which such deceased child would have taken if he or she had survived me and taken a vested interest
  7. I HEREBY DECLARE that notwithstanding the trusts hereinbefore declared in favor of my children it shall be lawful for my Trustees upon the written request of my Wife at any time or times to raise any sum or sums (not exceeding two thousand five hundred pounds in any one year and not exceeding Fifteen thousand pounds in all) out of the capital of my Residuary Trust Fund to pay such sum or sums to my Wife for her absolute benefit in addition to the income of my Residuary Trust Fund hereinbefore given her
  8. I RELEASE each of my children from any legal liability to pay any debt which may be due from him or her to me at the date of my death but each of my children shall bring into hotchpot against the capital of his or her share such sum and such sum only as I may have debited subsequent-to the date hereof against him or in the case of a daughter against her or against her husband in my private ledger
  9. I DECLARE that my Trustees may postpone the sale calling in and conversion of any part of my real or personal estate for such period as they may in their absolute discretion deem fit without being liable to account notwithstanding that it may be of a wasting speculative or reversionary na­ture and that pending such sale calling in and conversion the income (including the net rents and profits of real estate and chattels real after payment of rates taxes rent costs of insur­ance repairs and other outgoings properly attributable in the opinion of my Trustees to income) of property actually producing income shall be applied as from my death as income and on the other hand on such sale calling in and conversion or on the falling in of any reversionary property no part of the proceeds of such sale calling in or conversion or of such property shall be paid or applied as past income
  10. I DECLARE that all moneys liable to be so required to be invested under this my Will may be invested in any one or more of the following modes of investment (a) ANY investments from time to time sanctioned by Law for the investment of Trust Funds (b) ANY Public Stocks or Funds or Government-Securities of Great Britain or of any British Dominion or of any Foreign Government or State (c) FREEHOLD or Leasehold Securities (the latter having not less that Forty Five Years unexpired at the date of such investment) in Great Britain (d) STOCKS Shares or Securities the capital whereof or a minimum rate of interest or dividend thereon is guaranteed by the British Government (e) STOCKS Bonds Mortgages or Securities (by whatsoever name they may be called) of any Public Municipal or Local Body or Authority situate in Great Britain or in any British Dominion or in any foreign state (f) SUCH Stocks or Securities quoted on the London Stock Exchange as shall be certified in writing by one Member of that Exchange to fall in the opinion of such Member within the description of gilt edged securities (g) STOCKS Bonds Debentures Debenture Stocks or Mort­ gages or Securities (by whatsoever name they may be called) or any Railway Shipping Canal Dock Harbour Gas Water Electric Light or Power or Wireless Company Transport Grain-Elevator or Oil Company or other Public Utility Company or any Banking or Insurance Company Incorpo­rated by Royal Charter or by Special Act of the Parliament at Westminster or of the Legislature or Government of any British Dominion or of any Foreign State or of the United States of America or incorporated under any General Act of any such Parliament Legislature or Government as aforesaid all such investments paying interest or dividends at the date of investment (h) THE guaranteed· or preference stock or. shares of any such Company as aforesaid which has in each of the years· immediately prior to the date of investment paid a dividend at the rate of- at least Five Pounds per centum per annum upon its Ordinary Stock or Shares of which fact a letter purporting to be signed by the Secretary of the Company or by a Member of the London Stock Exchange or by the Secretary or Manager or Branch Manager of a Joint Stock Bank shall be sufficient evidence (i) THE guaranteed or preference or preferred Stock or Shares of any such Company as aforesaid which has in each of the three years immediately prior to the date of invest­ment paid a dividend at the rate of at least five per centum per annum on such stock or shares of which fact a letter purporting to be signed by the Secretary of the Company or by a Member of the London Stock Exchange or by the Secretary or Manager or Branch Manager of a Joint Stock Bank shall be sufficient evidence (j) THE Ordinary Stock of any Railway Company as is men­tioned in Section 1 (1) (g) or (h) of the 1rustee Act 1925 (k) THE Ordinary Stock or Shares of any such Company as is mentioned in (g) above upon which Stock or Shares there has in each of the Three years immediately prior to the date of investment been paid a dividend at the rate of at least five per centum per annum of which fact a letter purporting to be signed by the Secretary of the Company or by a Member of the London Stock Exchange or by the Secretary or Man­ ager or Branch Manager of a Joint Stock Bank shall be sufficient evidence (l) ANY share capital or loan capital of any Company regis­tered in England under the Companies Acts and having a capital paid up or credited as paid up of not less than two hundred thousand pounds (m) GOLD Silver or other metals provided not more than twenty per cent of my Residuary 1rust Fund is so invested
  11. 11. I negative the rule known as the Rules in Howe v. Earl Dartmouth and Allhusen v. Whitten in all their branches
  12. NO 1rustees of this Will shall be liable for any loss not attributable (a) to his own dishonesty (b) to the willful commission by him of an act known by him to be a breach of trust and in particular he shall not be bound to take any proceedings against a Co-1rustee for any breach or alleged breach of trust committed by such Co- Trustee
  13. THE Statutory Power of Appointment of New Trustees of

this my Will shall be exercisable by my said Wife during her life

IN WITNESS whereof I have to this my last Will set my hand this day of One thousand nine hundred and thirty eight.

SIGNED by the above named SIGMUND FREUD as his last Will in the presence of us both being present at the same time who at his request in his presence and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as Witnesses.

Last Will & Testament of Michael Jackson, June 25, 2009

michael jackson

 I, MICHAEL JOSEPH JACKSON, a resident of the State of California, declare this to be my last Will, and do hereby revoke all former wills and codicils made by me.

I

I declare that I am not married.  My marriage to DEBORAH JEAN ROWE JACKSON has been dissolved.  I have three children now living, PRINCE MICHAEL JACKSON, JR.,  PARIS MICHAEL KATHERINE JACKSON and PRINCE MICHAEL JOSEPH JACKSON,II.  I have no other children, living or deceased.

II

It is my intention by this Will to dispose of all property which I am entitled to dispose of by will. I specifically refrain from exercising all powers of appointment that I may possess at the time of my death.

III

I give my entire estate to the Trustee or Trustees then acting under that certain Amended and Restated Declaration of Trust executed on March 22, 2002 by me as Trustee and Trustor which is called the MICHAEL JACKSON FAMILY TRUST, giving effect to any amendments thereto made prior to my death. All such assets shall be held, managed and distributed as a part of said Trust according to its terms and not as a separate testamentary trust.

If for any reason this gift is not operative or is invalid, or if the aforesaid Trust fails or has been revoked, I give my residuary estate to the Trustee or Trustees named to act in the MICHAEL JACKSON FAMILY TRUST, as Amended and Restated on March 22, 2002, and I direct said Trustee or Trustees to divide, administer, hold and distribute the trust estate pursuant to the provisions of said Trust, as hereinabove referred to as such provisions now exist to the same extent and in the same manner as though that certain Amended and Restated Declaration of Trust, were herein set forth in full, but without giving effect to any subsequent amendments after the date of this Will. The Trustee, Trustees, or any successor Trustee named in such Trust Agreement shall serve without bond.

IV

I direct that all federal estate taxes and state inheritance or succession taxes payable upon or resulting from or by reason of my death (herein “Death Taxes”) attributable to property which is part of the trust estate of the MICHAEL JACKSON FAMILY TRUST, including property which passes to said trust from my probate estate shall be paid by the Trustee of said trust in accordance with its terms.  Death Taxes attributable to property passing outside this Will, other than property constituting the trust estate of the trust mentioned in the preceding sentence, shall be charged against the taker of said property.

V

I appoint JOHN BRANCA, JOHN McCLAIN and BARRY SIEGEL as co-Executors of this Will. In the event of any of their deaths, resignations, inability, failure or refusal to serve or continue to serve as a co-Executor, the other shall Serve and no replacement need be named. The co-Executors serving at any time after my death may name one or more replacements to serve in the event that none of the three named individuals is willing or able to serve at any time.

The term “my executors” as used in this Will shall include any duly acting personal representative or representatives of my estate. No individual acting as such need post a bond.

I hereby give to my Executors, full power and authority at any time or times to sell, lease, mortgage, pledge, exchange or otherwise dispose of the property, whether real or personal comprising my estate, upon such terms as my Executors shall deem best, to continue any business enterprises, to purchase assets from my estate,to continue in force and pay insurance premiums on any insurance policy, including life insurance, owned by my estate, and for any of the foregoing purposes to make, execute and deliver any and all deeds, contracts, mortgages, bills of sale or other instruments necessary or desirable therefor.  In addition, I give to my Executors full power to invest and reinvest the estate funds and assets in any kind of property, real, personal or mixed, and every kind of investment, specifically including, but not by way of limitation, corporate obligations of every kind and stocks, preferred  or common, and interests in investment trusts and shares in investment companies, and any common trust fund administered by any corporate executor hereunder, which men of prudent discretion and intelligence acquire for their own account.

VI

Except as otherwise provided in this Will or in the Trust referred to in Article III hereof, I have intentionally omitted to provide for my heirs. I have intentionally omitted to provide for my former wife, DEBORAH JEAN ROWE JACKSON.

VII

If at the time of my death I own or have an interest in property located outside of the State of California requiring ancillary administration, I appoint my domiciliary Executors as ancillary Executors for such property.   I give to said domiciliary Executors the following additional powers, rights and privileges to be exercised in their sole and absolute discretion, with reference to such property:  to cause such ancillary administration to be commenced, carried on and completed; to determine what assets, if any, are to be sold by the ancillary Executors; to pay directly or to advance funds from the California estate to the ancillary Executors for the payment of all claims, taxes, costs and administration expenses, including compensation of the ancillary Executors and attorneys’ fees incurred by reason of the ownership of such property and by such ancillary administration;and upon completion of such ancillary administration, I authorize and direct the ancillary Executors to distribute, transfer and deliver the residue of such property to the domiciliary Executors herein, to be distributed by them under the terms of this Will, it being my intention that my entire estate shall be administered as a unit and that my domiciliary Executors shall supervise and control, so far as permissible by local law, any ancillary administration proceedings deemed necessary in the settlement of my estate.

VIII

If any of my children are minors at the time of my death, I nominate my mother, KATHERINE JACKSON as guardian of the persons and estates of such minor children. If KATHERINE JACKSON fails to survive me, or is unable or unwilling to act as guardian, I nominate DIANA ROSS as guardian of the persons and estates of such minor children.

I subscribe my name to this Will this ___7_____ day of ___July________, 2002

_________________________________
MICHAEL JOSEPH JACKSON

Last Will & Testament of Charles Dickens

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THE WILL OF THE LATE CHARLES DICKENS.
I, Charles Dickens, of Gadshill Place, Higham, in the county of Kent, hereby revoke all
my former wills and codicils, and declare this to be my last will and testament.
I give the sum of one thousand pounds, free of legacy duty, to Miss Ellen Lawless Ternan, late of Houghton Place, Ampthill Square, in the county of Middlesex.
I give the sum of nineteen guineas to my faithful old Servant, Mrs. Anne Cornelius.
I give the sum of nineteen guineas to the daughter and only child of the said Mrs. Anne
Cornelius.
I give the sum of nineteen guineas to each and every domestic servant, male and
female, who shall be in my employment at the time of my decease, and shall have been in my employment for a not less period of time than one year.
I give the sum of one thousand pounds, free of legacy duty, to my daughter, Mary Dickens.
I also give to my said daughter, Mary, an annuity of three hundred pounds a year during
her life, if she shall so long continue unmarried, such annuity to be considered as accruing from day to day, but to be payable half-yearly, the first of such half-yearly payments to be made at the expiration of six months next after my decease.
If my said daughter Mary shall marry, such annuity shall cease, and in that case, but in that case only, my said daughter shall share with my other children in the provision hereinafter made for them. I give to my dear sister-in-law, Georgina Hogarth, the sum of £8000, free of legacy duty. I also give to the said Georgina Hogarth all my personal jewellery not herein-after mentioned, and all the little familiar objects from my writing table and my room, and she will know what to do with those things.
Ialso give to the said Georgina Hogarth all my private papers whatsoever and wheresoever, and I leave her my grateful blessing, as the best and truest friend man ever had.
I give to my eldest son Charles my library of printed books and
my engravings and prints.
I also give to my said son Charles the silver salver presented to me at Birmingham, and the silver cup presented to me at Edinburgh, and my shirt studs, shirt pins, and sleeve buttons; and I bequeath unto my said son Charles and my son Henry Fielding Dickens the sum of eight thousand pounds upon trust to invest the same, and from time to time to vary the investments thereof, and to pay the annual income thereof to my wife during her life, and after her decease the said sum of eight thousand pounds and the investments thereof shall be in trust for my children (but subject as to my daughter Mary to the proviso hereinbefore contained), who, being a son or sons, shall have attained or shall attain the age of twenty-one years, or, being a daughter or daughters, shall have attained or shall attain that age, or be previously married, in equal shares if more than one.
I give my watch (the gold repeater presented to me at Coventry), and I give the chains and seals, and all appendages I have worn with it, to my dear and trusty friend John Forster, of Palace Gate House, Kensington, in the county of Middlesex aforesaid.
And I also give to the said John Forster such manuscripts of my published
works as may be in my possession at the time of my decease.
And I devise and bequeath all my real and personal estate (except such as is
vested in me as a trustee or mortgagee) unto the said Georgina Hogarth and the said John Forster, their heirs, executors, administrators, and assigns respectively, upon trust, that they, the said Georgina Hogarth and John Forster, or the survivor of them, or the executors or administrators of such survivor, do and shall at their, his, or her uncontrolled and irresponsible direction, either proceed to an immediate sale or
conversion into money of the said real and personal estate (including my copyrights), or defer and postpone any sale or conversion into money till such time or times as they, he, or she shall think fit, and in the meantime may manage and let the said real and personal estate (including my copyrights) in such manner in all respects as I myself could do if I were living and acting therein, it being my intention that the trustees or trustee for the time being of this my will shall have the fullest power over the
said real and personal estate which I can give to them, him, or her. And I declare that until the said real and personal estate shall be sold and converted into money, the rents and annual income thereof respectively shall be paid and applied to the person or persons in the manner and for the purposes to whom and for which the annual income of the moneys to arise from the sale or conversion thereof into money would
be payable or applicable under this my will, in case the same were sold or converted into
money ; and I declare that my real estate shall, for the purposes of this my will, be considered as converted into personality upon my decease; and I declare that the said trustees or trustee for the time being do and shall, with and out of the moneys which shall come to their, his, or her hands under or by virtue of this my will and the trusts thereof, pay my just debts, funeral, and testamentary expenses and legacies.
And I declare that the said trust funds, or so much thereof as shall remain after answering the purposes aforesaid, and the annual income thereof, shall be in trust for all my children (but subject, as to my daughter Mary, to the proviso hereinbefore contained), who, being a son or sons, shall have attained or shall attain the age of twenty-one years, and, being a daughter or daughters, shall have attained or shall attain that age or be previously married, in equal shares if more than one–provided always that, as regards my copyrights and the produce and profits thereof, my said daughter Mary, notwithstanding the proviso hereinbefore contained with reference to her, shall share with my other children therein, whether she be married or not; and I devise
the estates vested in me at my decease as a trustee or mortgagee unto the use of the said
Georgina Hogarth and John Forster, their heirs and assigns, upon the trusts and subject to the equities affecting the same respectively; and I appoint the said Georgina Hogarth and John Forster, executrix and executor of this my will, and guardians of the persons of my children during their respective minorities; and, lastly, as I have now set down the form of words which my legal advisers assure me are necessary to theplain objects of this my will, I solemnly enjoin my dear children always to remember how much they owe to the said Georgina Hogarth, and never to be wanting in a grateful and affectionate attachment to her, for they know well that she has been through all the stages of their growth and progress their ever useful, self-denying, and devoted friend.
And I desire here simply to record the fact that my wife since our separation by
consent has been in the receipt from me of an annual income of six hundred pounds; while all the great charges of a numerous and expensive family have devolved wholly upon myself. I emphatically direct that I be buried in an inexpensive, unostentatious, and strictly private manner, that no public announcement be made of the time or place of my burial, that at the utmost not more than three plain mourning coaches be employed, and that those who attend my funeral wear no scarf, cloak, black bow, long
hatband, or other such revolting absurdity.
I direct that my name be inscribed in plain English letters on my tomb without the addition of ” Mr.” or “Esquire.” I conjure my friends on no account to make me the subject of any monument, memorial, or testimonial whatever.
I rest my claims to the remembrance of my country upon my published works, and
to the remembrance of my friends upon their experience of me ; in addition thereto I commit my soul to the mercy of God through our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, and I exhort my dear children humbly to try to guide themselves by the teaching of the New Testament in its broad spirit and to put no faith in any man’s narrow construction of its letter here or there.
In witness whereof I, the said Charles Dickens, the testator, have to this my last will and testament set my hand this twelfth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine.
Charles Dickens.
Signed, published, and declared by the above-named Charles Dickens, the testator, as and for his last will and testament, in the presence of us (present together at the same time), who in his presence, at his request, and in the presence of each other, have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses.
G. HOLSWORTH,
26, Wellington street, Strand.
HENRY WALKER,
26, Wellington-street, Strand.
I, Charles Dickens, of Gadshill Place, near Rochester, in the county of Kent, Esquire, declare this to be a codicil to my last will and testament, which will bear date the twelfth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine. I give to my son Charles Dickens the younger all my share and interest in the weekly journal called ” All the Year Round,” which is now conducted under articles of partnership made between me and William Henry Wills, and the said Charles Dickens the younger, and all my share and interest in the stereotypes, stock, and other effects belonging to the said partnership, he defraying my share of all debts and liabilities of the said partnership which may be outstanding
at the time of my decease ; and in all other respects I confirm my said will. In witness
whereof I have hereunto set my hand the second day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy.
Charles Dickens.
Signed and declared by the said Charles Dickens, the testator, as and for a codicil to his
will, in the presence of us (present at the same time), who at his request, in his presence, and in the presence of each other, hereunto subscribe our names as witnesses, 
G. HOLSWORTH,
26, Wellington-street, Strand.
H. WALKER,
26, Wellington-street, Strand.
Proved at London, with a codicil, 19th July, 1870, by the oath of Georgina Hogarth, spinster, and John Forster, Esq., the executors, to whom administration was granted.
The personal property of Mr. Dickens is sworn under £80,000. The will is written in
blue ink, and occupies a whole sheet of ordinary letter paper.